Diabetes has become a very common problem in society today and so many have become very complacent about it. The prevalence of diabetes is growing in most places around the world despite public health interventions that are aiming to control the obesity epidemic that is causing the epidemic of diabetes. Diabetes has a number of complications which combine together to put the feet at substantial risk from those complications. These complications range from a mild infection up to the more critical complications like a need to amputate a leg because of a spreading infection or dead gangrenous tissue. The problems associated with all the different types of of diabetes affect a wide variety of tissues within the body.
In terms of the diabetic foot, it has an effect on the blood circulation which means that any injury to the foot is more likely to be serious as there is insufficient good circulation to allow healing to take place. Diabetes also damages the nerves, so that when there is some trauma, either major or minor such as a skin cut, then no soreness is felt, so the foot continues to be damaged resulting in the a lot more serious. The body has numerous functions to battle infection, but in diabetes the reaction to an infection is a lot more sluggish than in those not having diabetes. Diabetes also affects the eye and while they are quite a distance from the foot, adequate eyesight is needed to see any issues that may have happened to the feet so it may be dealt with. Even the kidney disease that frequently occurs in diabetes impacts wound healing after the damage has been done and the presence of disease in the renal system can affect what medication, for example antibiotics, can be used and sometimes that range can be extremely restricted.
It is for all these complications, and many more not mentioned, that those with diabetes have to take additional care of their feet. They should check out them on a regular basis to make sure that there is no damage and if there is damage they must get medical attention quickly. Above all, they need to be regularly managed by a foot doctor.